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PCOS-How it affects

Polycystic ovarian syndrome is a condition in which hormone pathways which regulate the female sex hormones oestrogen and progesterone and the male sex hormone androgen.

In a normal healthy female, every month egg grows as a 5to 6cysts in one ovary. One of these matures, breaks and releases. But in case of or affected female this does not happen it does not matures breaks and release. Because there is imbalance of female hormones, excess of male of hormones.

Symptoms:

Along with irregular periods one may have weight gain,acne,discharge from breast, hair loss or excessive hair growth.

PREGNANCY WITH PcOS

It affects the production if healthy eggs and preparation of uterus lining(endometrium) to accept the pregnancy. And also during pregnancy there are more chances of spontaneous abortion,gestational diabetes, and high blood pressure.

But the good side of this is there are medicines are available to treat all these effects of pcod from irregular periods to problem in conceiving to during pregnancy side effects.

Management

  • Once one notes these symptoms should visit a Gynecologist for proper check up and investigations blood hormones levels and ultrasound pelvis for uterus and ovaries.
  • Healthy life style is the mainstay of the treatment apart from medicines. Exercise and low carbohydrate diet should be included.

Sr. Consultant Obstetrics & Gynecology