How can Diabetes cause a damage to your Kidneys and What can you do do About it?
About more than 62 million Indians suffer from Diabetes, and it is Diabetes is a disease that afflicts a majority of the population in today’s times and is rightly termed as a silent killer. In Diabetes, the body is not able to utilize insulin in an optimum manner or in some cases; there is not enough insulin created in the body. The function of insulin is to control the amount of blood sugar in the body. High or low blood sugar levels can create many complications in the body.
There are two types of Diabetes namely,
Type 1: The body does not produce sufficient insulin and
Type 2: Here, the insulin produced is not utilized properly.
Type 1 requires the person to get insulin in the form of injections permanently, whereas, in Type 2, the patient needs to take pills for regulating the blood sugar levels. However, both types require following a strict diet.
The effect of Diabetes on kidneys
The Kidneys perform an essential function of purifying the blood and getting rid of impurities from the body. When a person has Diabetes, the damage is caused to the tiny blood vessels of the kidneys, and as a result, the purifying function of the organ gets affected. When this happens, the blood retains a lot of waste matter, and the body also keeps excess water and salt. This leads to symptoms like oedema in the ankle due to excess fluid retention.
Diabetes also adversely impacts the nervous system of the body, and due to the damage caused to nerves, there can be issues like the inability to empty the bladder fully. Thus can result in infections on account of bacterial build-up and may also cause strain on the kidneys due to accumulated urine.
How to know if your kidneys are getting affected due to Diabetes?
Some symptoms of kidney disease in diabetic patients are:
- Frequent urination, especially at night.
- Increase in blood pressure.
- Swelling in the legs.
- Increased albumin levels in urine.
- Nausea symptoms.
If any of the above symptoms are observed, it is necessary to visit an internal medicine hospital in Delhi, where the specialists will determine whether Diabetes is the cause of kidney damage. They will then suggest remedial measures which will prevent any further damage.
Measures to control kidney damage due to Diabetes
- If the blood pressure is high, medications may be suggested to control and bring it down.
- The blood sugar levels will be monitored, and if necessary, medicines for maintaining optimum levels may be prescribed.
- All medications usually taken will be analyzed, and if any medicine is found to be adversely affecting the kidneys, it will be stopped or changed.
- Any issues present in the urinary system will be rectified.
- If there is an infection in the urinary tract, treatment shall be prescribed accordingly.
Along with the above, the specialists at the best internal medicine hospital in Delhi, i.e. Spring Meadows Hospital will prescribe a suitable diet that will control and maintain appropriate sugar levels and at the same time be beneficial to the kidneys. If the kidneys are no longer able to perform sufficiently and have failed, then they will suggest either the option of dialysis or to undergo kidney transplantation.
Spring Meadows Hospital provides internal medicine treatment at Greater Kailash, and they have helped many diabetics to get control of their sugar levels.